Best Skin Care Tips For Winter
- Functions of the skin
- skin Types
- Factors influencing the skin condition
- Eyes and lips
Contrary to the saying “Not Born Beautiful – born happy” every woman seeks her all known ways to achieve attractive. Make-up and diets , gyms and beauty salons … But “calling card” of any beauty – a healthy skin. Urban environment, a deteriorating environment is not conducive to good condition of our skin. Behind it requires careful maintenance. Especially in winter, when the cold wind, vitamin deficiency adversely affect our organism in general and in particular on the skin.
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Functions of the skin
Leather, as we know it – this is our mantle cover, which protects us from adverse environmental factors, allows us to better communicate with the world through the senses, and to perform other functions such as excretory and respiratory.
There is another important function of the skin, which is not described in any textbook on physiology. This function – the creation of our attractiveness. Which only epithets did not award the skin: white marble, bronze, golden, tender, peach, satin and many, many others.Reading these lines, we often reflect: what can be said about our skin? It depends on many factors: the type of the skin, from its color range, the tone of the muscles and blood vessels, blood flow rate. And, of course, on how much we love our own skin and how much time and effort to devote to it.
That’s what we need to do that the skin soft, supple and beautiful, and today we’ll talk.
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First we need to determine what type of attribute their skin.
There is a classical division for skin types: normal, dry, oily and mixed.
Normal skin is evenly colored. It looks smooth, firm and clean. Devoid of such shortcomings as enlarged pores, acne, eye visible dilated blood vessels and so on. The normal skin is very quietly tolerate washing with soap and water, various cosmetics, decorative cosmetics. Alas, at present this type of skin is extremely rare.
Dry skin is common and requires special care because it is very sensitive to the adverse effects and aging rapidly. Dry skin occurs from lack of activity of sebaceous glands and increased evaporation of moisture from its surface. Young women dry skin has a nice appearance: looks delicate, thin, smooth, matte and slightly velvety. Later, with age, the effectiveness of skin sebaceous excretions and falls gradually, especially at the wrong care, skin becomes drier, begins to peel off and lose elasticity. On such skin wrinkles are formed much earlier.
Oily skin is very common, and where there is currently a tendency to increase from generation to generation, people with oily skin. This skin is thick, rough, shiny. Sometimes resembles an orange crust. Skin color often dim. Stands out in excess sebum combines with sloughed skin flakes and dust, forming plugs in the openings of sebaceous glands – comedones. On oily skin easily occur eels, which can become inflamed. Oily skin is more common in youth, up to 40 years. Wrinkles in people with oily skin appear much later than people with dry and normal skin.
Combination skin – mixed type – occurs most often. At a young age fatty areas are located mainly on the forehead, nose, chin, and at the temples, cheeks, neck and around the heads of the skin is dry. Mixed skin requires different care in different areas.
The above types of skin – this is just a conditional classical division, which divides the skin on only one feature – the intensity of sebum. everything is much more complicated in real life. Medical cosmetology currently enjoys more and concepts such as the sensitivity of the skin. Sensitive may be either dry or oily skin.
Rosacea skin too can be in any skin type holders 1 .
Problem skin – is often oily or combination skin with acne elements, sites of inflammation and irritation.
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Factors influencing the skin condition
Each skin type can change during the life of man. This occurs under the influence of many factors, such as the state of the body’s hormonal level as a whole, the state of nutrition, enriched with vitamins and trace elements, dietary preferences of acute or fresh as poor.Particularly adversely on the skin are an imbalance of sex hormones and stress. Of course, we can not forget about the environmental factors. The more adverse effects, the more intensive the skin works to be protected.
During the summer, the main factors are solar radiation, dust, soot, low moisture. In autumn and winter – low temperatures, dryness in the premises due to heating. Also influenced by short daylight laziness, less physical activity, fewer hours spent outdoors, vitamin deficiency in the diet.
Here on the features of skin care in winter we now dwell.
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The skin needs regular cleansing. Daily replacement processes occur on the skin of old, dead skin cells young. On the surface of the skin cells are devoid of protoplasm, the nucleus and the inclusions, filled with keratin. This horny scales. They exfoliated, allowing new cells to come to their place. A man of middle age hourly loses about 600,000 skin cells. But such self-purification is still insufficient. Between the keratin particles stuck dust, dirt, sebum. All together it forms a dense film, which over time can serve as a breeding ground for disease-causing bacteria and prevents normal breathing and skin moisture exchange.
Normal skin need to wash twice a day with water, once daily with soap. You can use special foams and creams for washing. Using scrubs, scrub 2 (from the French gomme – eraser, dissolves keratin, and helps to remove dead skin cells and impurities and cleanse pores) is allowed 1 time per week. Completing purification need rubbing lotions that do not contain alcohol, preferably vitamin-enriched or enriched with plant extracts.
Dry skin is very bad moves washing with water. Therefore, in the arsenal of cleansers for dry skin should be milk and tonic. Milk is usually enriched with vitamins, herbal extracts, removing irritation, oils, protecting lipid layer from destruction. Milk is well removes cosmetics. Tonic is also enriched by such substances, complete purification. If the person was deposited waterproof cosmetics, then it need special lotions with a high content of oils.
Scrubs for dry skin should be used rarely. It is better to use soft peeling compositions with small granules, preferably artificial, or soft gommazhi. Use these tools need no more than once a week. In winter, the owners of a dry skin it is better to renounce the use of aggressive cleaning agents, because they can damage the already scarce lipid cover. After scraping dry skin areas may appear peeling and irritation. To avoid this, you can use the normal ground oatmeal diluted in boiled water to the state of slurry. This super-soft peeling will not harm the skin.
Oily skin loves water and harsh cleansers. Owners of such skin type want to remove from the skin thick plaque fat, mixed with cosmetics and dust. It is a natural desire to have to implement, washing up 2 times a day with special gels, deeply cleanses the skin. Soap is better not to apply, because, having an alkaline reaction, it can create on oily skin a favorable environment for habitat and breeding of pathogens. Foams and gels for washing oily skin often have a pH – neutral environment or, better yet, an acid.
Scrubs and Peels are best used 1-2 times a week, and can be 3 times a week with a very strong fat. But the use of scrubs is contraindicated in the presence of purulent inflammatory elements in the skin . Using scrubs in this case, you risk “smash” infectious microorganisms all over the face and cause inflammation in other areas. Terminate purification necessarily using lotion that helps restore the skin the necessary protection and acid does not increase sebaceous excretions.
I would also like to say that adversely impact on oily skin alcohol solutions. Yes, for some time it created a sense of purity, respiratory and skin smoothness, but such a cleansing process starts immediately reinforced salovydeleniya that can exceed the initial level of sebum. Thus is formed a “vicious circle” which only reinforces rather than weakens the oiliness of the skin. Alcohol lotions are intended for problem skin with acne inflammatory elements. They need to put a dot directly on the inflamed elements, rather than wipe the entire surface of the skin.
Mixed skin cleaned should be carefully, finding a compromise between oily and dry areas.It is best suited for this jelly and cream, but after that areas with high fat content must be processed gel for oily skin and rinse with water. After that, if necessary, an exfoliating oily areas only, carefully trying not to touch dry. Then use lotions separately for different areas of the skin.
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So, our skin is cleaned. You can proceed to the next stage of care – masks. Masks also are divided according to skin type and challenges set, the winter should be paying more attention to masks nutritious and fortified.
For dry skin nutrient, rich mask should be applied 2 times a week. And preferably 1-2 times fortified. Dry skin Telegram extracts of wheat germ, beans, soy, oil agave, avocado, almond and peach lecithin and spermaceti. Masks are applied: cleaned face and neck for 20-30 minutes and then removed with water, lotion or wash out. Indelible mask called cream mask. There are film masks, which form a film in air. This film is mechanically removed in an upward direction, ie from the collarbone to the chin and from the chin to the forehead. After the mask a person should definitely rub lotion.
Dry skin requires regular moisturizing. In winter, too, must not forget about it, becauseoverdried air heated space can damage the skin. 1-2 times a month nourishing mask should be replaced moisturizing. And you should always have with you spray with a key IPT thermal water for periodic irrigation of the skin, especially on prolonged standing in front of a computer or in a heated room. However, in the winter it is not necessary to irrigate the skin before going out.
I want to debunk the well-known myth that winter can not use moisturizing creams. The most common misconception is that many women believe that the cream can freeze in the cold. First, the moisturizer does not carry a large amount of moisture. It mainly contains substances which promote the retention of moisture in the skin and prevent its evaporation from the surface. Due to this increased hydration of the skin.
human body temperature 36,6 ° C. Even in the cold we lyutom your skin can warm the surrounding air around 1.5-2 cm. Therefore, a cream applied pas skin, freeze can not. The thickness of the heated air layer decreases in the wind because of the destruction has already warmed layer. Here in the wind or in sports in the air should not apply moisturizing creams. But in the ordinary rhythm of the city life that is nothing to prevent.
Oily skin suffers less in the winter. Even feels better than in the warm summer days.However, it is also necessary for regular maintenance.
Masks for oily skin in the winter – it is also the nutrients enriched with vitamins and light oils, essential better. Making such a mask should be 1 time per week, and with the same frequency – fortified. However, if the mask dry skin often come in a creamy, rich texture, it is for oily skin texture should be soft, emulsion or gel. Good oily skin suffers film mask. I especially want to draw attention to the fact that the likes oily skin extracts of birch buds, cucumber, lavender, essential oils of tea Derain, rosemary, pine extract and propolis.
For owners of problematic skin with acne elements are mandatory masks with clay – white or blue. This is a wonderful tool for the recovery of oily, porous and inflamed skin.Necessary to make such a mask 1 time per week in the winter and 2 times per week in the summer.
The general rule is mandatory rubbing skin lotion after removing the masks.
Normal skin requires the alternation of power, saturated with vitamins and moisture 1-2 times a week.
Mixed skin , as you probably already understood, requires a selective approach. On the fatty areas are superimposed masks for oily skin and for dry – dry.
A little trick: the best time for masks and all day cosmetic care homes – from 21 to 23 hours.It is proved that at this time, our skin has the highest absorption capacity of substances applied to it. And again, when you have made a mask, try to lie down, close your eyes, turn on soft music and just daydream about something pleasant. If you can not lie down, try to take a comfortable relaxed position and also delve into pleasant dreams. Positive emotional experiences can enhance the absorption of nutrients in the skin as much as 7%, and this, believe me, quite a lot.
Separately, it should be said about the skin, prone to irritation and vasodilatation . In winter, these two types of skin are very much affected by temperature and humidity changes. As a rule, in the evening the skin becomes painfully irritated, flaky and sensitive.Anyone touching it becomes unpleasant. This is necessary to give the skin a soothing relaxation mask every night. Coming home and removing makeup, put on face gauze soaked in chamomile broth. The temperature of this mask should be slightly higher than body temperature. Napkin should be kept on your face until it cools down. This procedure can be repeated 2-3 times. You can then move on to the ordinary care.
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Eyes and lips
These are two particularly sensitive areas, cared for should be especially careful. The skin on the eyelids has a minimum thickness and very rarely, even normal. Most often it is a dry area. Winter care for centuries means fatty, intense, rich creams, masks and serums. Now there are excellent facilities for eyelid skin. Which combines the properties and serum and mask, saving our time. I’m talking about the bioactive patches under the eyes. It is packaged individually platelets impregnated with a special compound that is very comfortable even in home conditions imposed on the eyelid skin and 20-30 minutes to remove loose and put the cream.
Lips winter often peel and crack, lose elasticity and shine SIRS. To ensure that this does not happen, you need to regularly indulge them, not forgetting the protective lipstick.
Before make-up, for 15-20 minutes, put on lipstick and lip hygienic actively massage your lips with your fingertip. Then blot the lipstick and wipe the lip skin crust of lemon from the pulp. Wipe the lip lotion. For winter use more fatty lipstick. It is better to give way to the stability of lipstick, lip than retain moisture. Especially good lipstick, which include mink oil, jojoba oil, and lipstick containing hyaluronic acid – a natural moisturizer.
The home is very well done paraffin mask for lips. Melt a piece of wax. On the lips, apply two drops of the drug “Vitaon” or wheat germ oil, and on top, layers upon layers, apply the wax (paraffin temperature pre-try on the hand, not to burn yourself). Paraffin is best applied with a brush. On top of the paraffin, place the napkin, and on it – a thick layer of cotton wool to paraffin is not quickly cooled. Hold the mask for 10-15 minutes. After the mask, apply hygienic lipstick. To leave pa street can be an hour.
Do not forget that the winter – this is the time of grace for all kinds of beauty treatments: mikrodermoabrazii courses (thin skin resurfacing microcrystalline powder of alumina), peelings acids (exfoliation of skin cells, due to the destruction of their acid), mesotherapy(injection of drugs into the problem subcutaneous zone fiber), microcurrent (stimulation of the muscles and skin currents of low frequency), ozone (introduction of ozone-oxygen mixture, which improves blood circulation in the skin, stimulating the growth and renewal of skin cells, under the skin using a fine needle).
In the autumn-winter-early spring periods better tolerated surgery.
Any most incredible skin care, of course, does not give visible results if the woman will not be balanced feed. In winter, all you need to eat more fat to the skin of which was to develop their own. But we must not forget the plant food. It is also necessary to establish and receive artificial vitamins.
And there’s little secret all beauties: everything that is done with the skin should be done with pleasure and fun. It is necessary to love yourself your face, your body, your skin, hair, nails, and they will tell you the same. Any cosmetic procedure must be done in a good mood. And, of course, to believe that any movement of any cream or serum sure you bring reclaimed from the time moments of youth, which will develop day by day in the year.